Mt. Apo’s Manobo tribe gets royalty from power plants’ operation

With tribe leaders imploring their ancestors to bless the project site for the next quarter century, the Manobo people at the foot of Mt. Apo have allowed a power company to continue operating two geothermal plants in their ancestral domain.


In exchange for royalty from the company’s operation, the Manobo tribe granted Energy Development Corp. (EDC) free rein to tap geothermal energy in the area for the next 25 years, or until 2044.


The right to operate at the foot of the country’s tallest mountain was sealed in a memorandum of agreement signed on Saturday between EDC officials and leaders of the Manobo-Apao Descendants of Ancestral Domain of Mt. Apo (Madadma) at Sitio Sayaban, Barangay Ilomavis, in this city.


Madadma has ancestral domain over the site, where the 52-megawatt Mindanao 1 Geothermal Partnership (M1GP) and the 54-MW Mindanao 2 Geothermal Partnership (M2GP) plants are located at Barangay Ilomavis.


1 centavo per kilowatt-hour


In a region where several indigenous peoples abhor the entry of investors for fear that their operations would cause the degradation of their ancestral lands, the EDC-Madadma agreement is a whiff of fresh air.


The royalty—equivalent to 1 centavo per kilowatt-hour of geothermal power generated each year by EDC—will be used to uplift the living conditions of the Manobo community.

Tribe leaders said the deal on royalty was unprecedented and would give the Manobo a steady source of income to help provide livelihood to the indigenous peoples in the area.

Nancy Ibuna, external media operations officer of EDC, said the company signed the agreement with the tribe after the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP) granted free, prior and informed consent to EDC. The NCIP consent allows EDC to operate in an ancestral domain area.


Datu Umpan, tribal chieftain from Barangay Balabag, said the agreement would now directly benefit the Manobo community, unlike in the previous 25 years when the geothermal power plants were operated by a consortium.


Before the two parties signed the deal, the Manobo held a “samaya” (a tribe ritual) to ask their ancestors to bless the site.


The two geothermal power plants actually started operation on March 4, 1997, and June 17, 1999, and were owned by M1GP, a partnership between Oxbow Power Corp. and Japanese energy company Marubeni Corp.


EDC acquired the two power plants in 2009.


M1GP and M2GP provided nearly 11 percent of the entire electricity supply in Mindanao, mainly in the Soccsksargen and Davao regions.


The geothermal service contract for Mindanao was previously awarded by the Department of Energy to the then government-owned Philippine National Oil Company-Energy Development Corp. in 1992. It was renewed for another 25 years in 2017.


Ebona said the contract that EDC entered with the energy department was different from the agreement it signed on Saturday with Madadma.


EDC, which was privatized in 2006, is the country’s leading producer of geothermal energy, accounting for 62 percent, or 1,199 MW, of the total installed capacity of 1,980 MW.


By: Orlando B. Dinoy




The Energy Development Corporation (EDC) is a pioneer in generating 100% clean, renewable, and reliable power as an electricity supplier in the Philippines for over 40 years. With power plants all over Visayas and Mindanao, the company is one of the biggest producers of geothermal energy in Asia and is expanding its reach in the international market, allowing it to offer customers affordable energy rates. EDC also strives to provide the best customer service it can to all its clients by having helpful salespeople and easy to understand contracts. Because of all of this, it is poised to become the premier supplier of electricity for the Philippines’ Green Energy Option Program. EDC takes its mission as a renewable energy provider seriously and goes beyond sustainability by investing in programs that enhance the environment and empower its partner communities, thereby fostering regenerative development. The company has also been working toward being carbon-neutral by improving its energy efficiency, as well as implementing various greening projects to ensure that its mission to provide future generations with a better life remains intact.